Publications: G

Gadd, D., 'Racial aggravation or aggravating racism: Overcoming the disjunction between legal and subjective realities' (2010), in Chakraborti, N. (ed.) (2010) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions, Devon: Willan Publishing

Gadd, D., 'Aggravating racism and elusive motivation' (2009), British Journal of Criminology, 49(6), pp.755-771
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Gadd, D. & Dixon, B., 'Losing the race: Thinking psychosocially about racially motivated crime' (2018), Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge

Gadd, D., Dixon, B. & Jefferson, T. , 'Why do they do it? Racial harassment in North Staffordshire' (2005), Keele: Centre for Criminological Research, Keele University.

Gale, L.R., Carrington Heath, W. & Ressler, R.W., 'An economic analysis of hate crime' (2002), Eastern Economic Journal, 28(2), pp.203-216
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Galop, 'The low down: Black lesbians, gay men and bisexual people talk about their experiences and needs' (2001)
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Galop, 'Telling it like it is: Lesbian, gay and bisexual youth speak out on homophobic violence' (1998)
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Gamblin, B.W., Kehn, A., Vanderzanden, K., Ruthig, J.C., Jones, K.M. & Long, B.L., 'A comparison of juror decision making in race-based and sexual orientation-based hate crime cases' (2018), Journal of Interpersonal Violence [online]
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Gan, L., Williams, R.C. & Wiseman, T., 'A simple model of optimal hate crime legislation' (2011), Economic Inquiry, 49(3)
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Gardiner, S., 'Disciplinary provisions for hate speech in football: Comparative perspectives' (2015), Sport in Society, 18(5), pp.552-564
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Gardiner, S. & Jones, V., 'Racism as hate speech' (1996), Criminal Justice Matters, 23(1), pp.23-25
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Gardner, M., 'Racism out: Racial vilification law and the Anti-Discrimination Board' (1995), Aboriginal Law Bulletin, 74(3), pp.9-10

Gardner, P.L., 'Anti-Jewish harassment in Australia' (1992), Bird, G. (ed.) (1992) Racial Harassment. National Centre for Crosscultural Studies in Law, Monash University

Garibay, J.C., Herrera, F.A., Johnston-Guerrero, M.P. & Garcia, G.A., 'Campus Racial Incidents, Hate Crimes, and White Male and Female Students’ Racial Attitudes' (2019), Journal of Higher Education [online]
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Garkawe, S., 'International Human Rights and the law regarding sexual orientation: Two book reviews and more' (1997), Australasian Gay and Lesbian Law Journal, 7, pp.69-92
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Garland, J., 'Difficulties in defining hate crime victimization' (2012), International Review of Victimology, 18(1), pp.25-37
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Garland, J., 'The victimisation of goths and the boundaries of hate crime' (2010), in Chakraborti, N. (ed.) (2010) Hate Crime: Concepts, policy, future directions, Devon: Willan Publishing

Garland, J., '‘It’s a Mosher just been banged for no reason’: Assessing targeted violence against Goths and the parameters of hate crime' (2010), International Review of Victimology, 17(2), pp.159-177
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Garland, J., 'Reshaping hate crime policy and practice: Lessons from a grassroots campaign' (2014), in Chakraborti, N. & Garland, J. (2014) Responding to hate crime: the case for connecting policy and research. Bristol: Policy Press.

Garland J., Spalek, B. & Chakraborti, N., 'Hearing lost voices: Issues in researching ‘’hidden’’ minority ethnic communities' (2006), British Journal of Criminology, 46(3), pp.423-437
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Garland J., Spalek, B. & Chakraborti, N., 'Out of sight, out of mind? Towards developing an understanding of the needs of ‘hidden’ minority ethnic communities' (2004), Criminal Justice Matters, 57(Autumn), pp.34-35

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Divided by a common concept? Assessing the implications of different conceptualizations of hate crime in the European Union' (2012), European Journal of Criminology, 9(1), pp.38-51
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Responding to hate crime: The case for connecting policy and research' (2014), Bristol: Policy Press.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., '‘Race’, space and place examining identity and cultures of exclusion in rural England' (2006), Ethnicities, 6(2), pp.159-177
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Recognising and responding to victims of rural racism' (2006), International Review of Victimology, 13(1), pp.49-69
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Identity, ‘Otherness’ and the impact of racist victimisation in the English countryside' (2009), in Iganski, P. (ed.) The Consequences of Hate Crime. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., '‘Protean times?’ Exploring the relationships between policing, community and ‘race’ in rural England' (2007), Criminology and Criminal Justice, 7(4), pp.347-365
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Rural racism' (2004), Cullompton: Willan Publishing.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Racist victimisation, community safety and the rural: Issues and challenges' (2004), British Journal of Community Justice, 2(3), pp.21-32
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Another country? Community, belonging and exclusion in rural England' (2004), in Chakraborti, N. & Garland, J. (eds.) Rural Racism. Cullompton: Willan.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Under-researched and overlooked: An exploration of the attitudes of rural minority ethnic communities towards crime, community safety and the criminal justice system' (2003), Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 29(3), pp.563-572
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Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Countryside alliance? An assessment of multi-agency responses to racism in rural Suffolk' (2003), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal, 5(2), pp.61-67

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Tackling the invisible problem? An examination of the provision of services to victims of racial harassment in rural Suffolk' (2002), Leicester: Scarman Centre, University of Leicester.

Garland, J. & Chakraborti, N., 'Crime, community safety and the criminal justice system: An assessment of the attitudes of minority ethnic communities in Suffolk' (2002), Leicester: Scarman Centre, University of Leicester.

Garland, J. & Funnell, Corinne, 'Defining hate crime internationally: Issues and conundrums' (2016), in J. Schweppe & M.A. Walters, The globalization of hate: Internationalizing hate crime? (pp.15-30), Oxford: Oxford University Press
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Garland, J. & Hodkinson, P., '‘F**king freak! What the hell do you think you look like?’' (2014), British Journal of Criminology, 54(4), pp.613-631
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Garland, J. & Hodkinson, P., 'Alternative subcultures and hate crime' (2014), in Hall, N., Corb, A., Giannasi, P. & Grieve, J. (2014) The Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime. London: Routledge

Garland, J. & Rowe, M., 'Is football ‘’Hooliganism’’ a hate crime?' (2002), Criminal Justice Matters, 48(1), pp.18-19
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Garland, J. & Rowe, M., 'The hollow victory of antiracism in English football' (2014), in Treadwell, J. & Hopkins, M. (eds.) (2014) Football Hooliganism, Fan Behaviour and Crime. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Garland, J. & Treadwell, J., 'The new politics of hate? An assessment of the appeal of the English Defence League amongst disadvantaged white working class communities in England' (2012), Journal of Hate Studies, 10(1), pp.123-141
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Garland, J., Chakraborti, N. & Hardy, S.-J., '‘It felt like a little war’: Reflections on violence against alternative subcultures' (2015), Sociology, 49(6), pp.1065-1080
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Garnets, L., Herek, G.M. & Levy, B., 'Violence and victimization of lesbians and gay men: Mental health consequences' (1992), Herek, G.M. & Berrill, K. (eds.), 'Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men' (1992), USA: Sage Publications

Garofalo, J., 'Hate crime victimization in the United States' (1997), in R.C. Davis, A.J. Lurigio & W.G. Skogan (Eds.), Victims of crime (pp.134-145), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Gaston, S., 'Far-right extremism in the populist age – Briefing paper' (2017), Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and Demos
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GATE Hertfordshire , 'Recognise, report, resolve – Everyday hatred against GRT communities' (2018), Goldsmiths, University of London
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Gatehouse, C., Wood, M., Briggs, J., Pickles, J. & Lawson, S., 'Troubling vulnerability: Designing with LGBT young people’s ambivalence towards hate crime reporting' (2017), CHI 2018 - 2018 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 21st - 26th April 2018, Montréal, Canada
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Gates, T.G. & Sniatecki, J.L., 'Tolerating transphobia in substance abuse counseling: Perceptions of trainees' (2016), Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance, pp.1-17
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Gaudet, M., 'Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2016' (2018), Statistics Canada
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Gaumer, C.P., 'Punishment for prejudice: A commentary on the constitutionality and utility of state statutory responses to the problem of hate crimes' (1994), South Dakota Law Review, 39, pp.1-48
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Gavrielides, T., 'Contextualizing restorative justice for hate crime' (2012), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27(18), pp.3624-3643
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