Publications: 1999

B

Becker, P.J., 'The creation of Ohio’s ethnic intimidation law: Triggering events, media campaigns, and interest group activity' (1999), American Journal of Criminal Justice, 23(2), pp.247-265
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Brennan, F., 'Racially motivated crime: The response of the criminal justice system' (1999), Criminal Law Review, Jan, pp.17-28
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Bufkin, J.L., 'Bias crime as gendered behavior' (1999), Social Justice, 26(1), pp.155-176
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Byers, B., Crider, B.W. & Biggers, G.K., 'Bias crime motivation: A study of hate crime and offender neutralization techniques used against the Amish' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15(1), pp.78-96
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C

Chahal, K. & Julienne, L., 'We can’t all be white!: Racist victimisation in the UK' (1999), York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Cotter, J.M. , 'Sounds of hate: White power rock and roll and the neo-Nazi skinhead subculture' (1999), Terrorism and Political Violence, 11(2), pp.111-140
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Craig, K.M., 'Retaliation, fear, or rage: An investigation of African American and white reactions to racist hate crimes' (1999), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14(2), pp.138-151
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D

Dixon, L., 'Working with racially motivated offenders: Practice issues' (1999), Probation Journal, 46(3), pp.157-163
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Dunbar, E., 'Defending the indefensible: A critique and analysis of psycholegal defense arguments of hate crime perpetrators ' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15, pp.64-77
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F

Falkner, N.H., French, S.A., Jeffery, R.W., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Sherwood, N.E. & Morton, N., 'Mistreatment due to weight: Prevalence and sources of perceived mistreatment in women and men' (1999), Obesity Research, 7(6), pp.572-576
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G

Goldsheid, J., 'Gender-motivated violence developing a meaningful paradigm for civil rights enforcement' (1999), Harvard Women's Law Journal, 22, pp.123-158
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H

Harel, A. & Parchomovsky, G., 'On hate and equality' (1999), The Yale Law Journal, 109(3), pp.507-539
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Harris, B., 'Race vilification laws: A comparative perspective' (1999), Canberra Law Review, 6(1-2), pp.257-300
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Herek, G.M., Gillis, J.R., & Cogan, J.C. , 'Psychological sequelae of hate-crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults' (1999), Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67(6), pp.945-951
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I

Iganski, P., 'Legislating against hate: Outlawing racism and Antisemitism in Britain' (1999), Critical Social Policy, 19(1), pp.129-141
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Iganski, P., 'Why make ‘hate’ a crime?' (1999), Critical Social Policy, 60, pp.386-395
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Iganski, P., 'Legislating morality and competing ‘rights’: Legal instruments against racism and antisemitism in the European Union' (1999), Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 3(25), pp.509-516
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Israel, M., 'Hate speech and the First Amendment ' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15, pp.97-110
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J

Jacobs, D. & Wood, K. , 'Interracial conflict and interracial homicide: Do political and economic rivalries explain White killings of Blacks or Black killings of Whites?' (1999), American Journal of Sociology, 105(1), pp.157-190
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Jenness, V., 'Managing differences and making legislation: Social movements and the racialization, sexualization, and gendering of federal hate crime law in the U.S., 1985-1998' (1999), Social Problems, 46(4), pp.548-571
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L

Levin, B., 'Hate crimes: Worse by definition' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15(1), pp.6-21
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Lincoln, R., 'Book reviews (Faces of hate: Hate crime in Australia by Cunneen, C. et al.)' (1999), Journal of Sociology, 35(1), pp.100-102
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M

Malik, M., '‘Racist crime’: Racially aggravated offences in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 Part II' (1999), Modern Law Review, 62(3), pp.409-424
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Martin, S.E., 'Police and the production of hate crimes: Continuity and change in one jurisdiction' (1999), Police Quarterly, 2(4), pp.417-437
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Medoff, M.H., 'Allocation of time and hateful behavior: A theoretical and positive analysis of hate and hate crimes' (1999), The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 58(4), pp.959-973
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N

New South Wales Law Reform Commission, 'Review of the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW), Report 92, Volume 1' (1999), 512-552

Nolan, J.J. & Akiyama, Y., 'An analysis of factors that affect law enforcement participation in hate crime reporting' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15, pp.111-127
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P

Petrosino, C., 'Connecting the past to the future: Hate crime in America' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15, pp.22-47
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S

Sisely, D., 'Racial discrimination and crime: How VRAS could assist' (1999), in Victims Referral and Assistance Service, Support for Victims of Crime: Responding to the Challenges of Diversity: Different Cultures; Different Needs (1999), 158

Soule, S.A. & Earl, J., 'Black Church Arson in the United States, 1989-1996' (1999), Ethnic and Racial Studies, 22(4), pp.724-742
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Sullivan, A., 'What’s so bad about hate: An unsentimental reflection on schoolyard shootings, Matthew Shepard, genocide and the easy consensus on hate crimes' (1999), New York Times, September 26
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T

Torres, S., 'Hate crimes against African Americans: The extent of the problem' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15, pp.48-63
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U

Uhrich, C.L., 'Hate crime legislation: A policy analysis' (1999), Houston Law Review, 36(4), pp.1467-1529
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W

Walker. S., Delone. M., & Spohn, C. S., 'The color of justice: Race, ethnicity, and crime in America' (1999), Belmont, CA: Wadsworth

Wilson, P.R., 'Book review (Homophobic violence by Mason, G. & Tomsen, S. (eds.))' (1999), Journal of Sociology, 35(1), pp.98-99
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Z

Zellerer, E., 'Restorative justice in Indigenous communities: Critical issues in confronting violence against women' (1999), International Review of Victimology, 6, pp.345-358
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