Publications: Punishment for hate crime

A

Adams, D.M., 'Punishing hate and achieving equality' (2005), Criminal Justice Ethics, 24(1), pp.19-30
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Al-Hakim, M. & Dimock, S., 'Hate as an aggravating factor in sentencing' (2012), New Criminal Law Review, 15(4), pp.572-611
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Altman, A., 'The democratic legitimacy of bias crime laws: Public reason and the political process' (2001), Law and Philosophy, 20(2), pp.141-173
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Angelari, M., 'Hate crime statutes: A promising tool for fighting violence against women' (1994), American University Journal of Gender and the Law, (2), pp.63-105
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Ardill, A. & Wardle, B., 'Firebombs and Ferguson: A review of hate crime laws as applied to child sex offenders' (2009), Alternative Law Journal, 34(4), pp.257-259
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Ashworth, A., 'Hate crime' (2013), The Criminal Law Review, 9, pp.709-710
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Asquith, N., 'Race riots on the beach: A case for criminalising hate speech?' (2008), Paper presented at the British Criminology Conference, Huddersfield.
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B

Bales, W.D. & Piquero, A.R., 'Racial/ethnic differentials in sentencing to incarceration' (2012), Justice Quarterly, 29(5), pp.742-773
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Bleich, E., 'Hate crime policy in Western Europe: Responding to racist violence in Britain, Germany, and France' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.149-165
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Brooks, T.D., 'First Amendment-penalty enhancement for hate crimes: Content regulation, questionable state interests and non-traditional sentencing' (1994), Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 84(4), pp.703-742
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Bunar, N., 'Hate crimes against immigrants in Sweden and community responses' (2007), American Behavioral Scientist, 51(2), pp.166-181
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Byers, B. D., Warren-Gordon, K. & Jones, J. A., 'Predictors of hate crime prosecutions: An analysis of data from the National Prosecutors Survey and state-level bias crime laws' (2012), Race and Justice, 2(3), pp.203-219
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C

Cabeldue, M. K., Cramer, R. J., Kehn, A., Crosby, J. W. & Anastasi, J. S., 'Measuring attitudes about hate: Development of the hate crime beliefs scale' (2016), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, pp.1-30
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Card, C., 'Is penalty enhancement a sound idea?' (2001), Law and Philosophy, 20(2), pp.195-214
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Chakraborti, N., 'Hate crime: Concepts, policy and future directions' (2010), Devon: Willan Publishing

Collier, L.M., 'College campus hate speech codes: A personal view from an absolute perspective' (1995), Howard Journal of Communications, 5(4), pp.263-278
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Cowdery, N., 'Review of law of vilification: Criminal aspects' (2009), Hate Crime and Vilification Law Roundtable, Sydney Institute of Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, 28 August 2009.
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Cramer, R.J., Chandler, J.F. & Wakeman, E.E., 'Blame attribution as a moderator of perceptions of sexual orientation-based hate crimes' (2010), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(5), pp.848-862
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D

Dunbar, E., 'Race, gender, and sexual orientation in hate crime victimization: Identity politics or identity risk?' (2006), Violence and Victims, 21(3), pp.323-337
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Dunbar, E., 'Defending the indefensible: A critique and analysis of psycholegal defense arguments of hate crime perpetrators' (1999), Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 15, pp.64-77
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E

Evans, S. & Evans, C., 'Parliamentary deliberation about racial vilification legislation' (2007), in Gelber, K. & Stone, A. (eds.) Hate Speech and Freedom of Speech in Australia. The Federation Press.

F

Franklin, K., 'Good intentions: The enforcement of hate crime penalty-enhancement statutes' (2002), American Behavioral Scientist, 46(1), pp.154-172
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G

Gaumer, C.P., 'Punishment for prejudice: A commentary on the constitutionality and utility of state statutory responses to the problem of hate crimes' (1994), South Dakota Law Review, 39, pp.1-48
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Gellman, S., '“Brother, you can’t go to jail for what you’re thinking”: Motives, effects, and “hate crime” laws' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.24-29
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Grannis, E. J. , 'Words and fighting freestyle: The constitutionality of penalty enhancement for bias crimes' (1993), Columbia Law Review, 93(1), pp.178-230
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H

Hall, N., 'Hate crime' (2013), New York: Routledge

Harvard Law Review, 'Penalty enhancement does not punish free speech or thoughts' (1996), in B. Leone & P. A. Winters (Eds.), Hate crimes (pp. 121-129), San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press

Heath Wellman, C., 'A defense of stiffer penalties for hate crimes' (2006), Hypatia, 21(2), pp.62-80
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Holland-Muter, S., 'Outside the safety zone: An agenda for research on gender-based violence targeting lesbian and bisexual women in South Africa' (2012), Braamfontein: MaThoko’s Books.
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Hurd, H.M., 'Why liberals should hate “hate crime legislation”' (2001), Law and Philosophy, 20(2), pp.215-232
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Hurd, H.M. & Moore, M.S., 'Punishing hatred and prejudice' (2004), Stanford Law Review, 56(5), pp.1081-1146
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I

Iganski, P., 'The hate debate: Should hate be punished as a crime' (2002), London: Profile Books

Iganski, P., 'Criminal law and the routine activity of ‘hate crime’' (2008), Liverpool Law Review, 1(29), pp.1-17
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Iganski, P., 'Hate crimes hurt more, but should they be more harshly punished?' (2002), The Hate Debate. London: Profile.

Iganski, P. & Lagou, S., 'Hate crimes hurt some more than others: Implications for the just sentencing of offenders' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1696-1718
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J

Jacobs, J. B., 'Should hate be a crime' (1993), Public Interest, (113), pp.3-14

Jacobs, J. B. & Potter, K. A., 'Hate crimes: A critical perspective' (1997), Crime and Justice, 22, pp.1-50
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K

Kateri Hernandez, T., 'Bias crimes: Unconscious racism in the prosecution of “racially motivated violence”' (1990), The Yale Law Journal, 99(4), pp.845-864
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Kauppinen, A., 'Hate and punishment' (2015), Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(10), pp.1719-1737
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Kleinig, J., 'Penalty enhancement for hate crimes' (1992), Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(2), pp.3-6
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Klumpp, T. & Mialon, M., 'On hatred' (2013), American Law and Economics Review, 15(1), pp.39-72
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L

Lamble, S., 'Queer Necropolitics and the Expanding Carceral State: Interrogating Sexual Investments in Punishment' (2013), Law and Critique, 24(3), pp.229-253
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Lawrence, F.M., 'The evolving federal role in bias crime law enforcement and the Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007' (2008), Stanford Law & Policy Review, 19(2), pp.251-282
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Lawrence, F. M., 'The punishment of hate: Toward a normative theory of bias-motivated crimes' (1994), Michigan Law Review, 93(2), pp.320-381
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Lieberman, M., 'Hate crime laws: Punishment to fit the crime: A response to Jesse Larner' (2010), Dissent, 57(3), pp.81-84
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M

Maher, JM, McCulloch, J. & Mason, G., 'Punishing gendered violence as hate crime: Aggravated sentences as a means of recognising hate as motivation for violent crimes against women' (2015), Australian Feminist Law Journal, 41(1), pp.177-193
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Mason, G. & Dyer, A., 'A negation of Australia’s fundamental values’: Sentencing prejudice-motivated crime' (2013), Melbourne University Law Review, 36(3), pp.871-914
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Mason, G., McCulloch, J. & Maher, J., 'Policing hate crime: Markers for negotiating common ground in policy implementation' (2015), Policing and Society
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McDonald, E., 'No straight answer: Homophobia as both an aggravating factor in New Zealand in homicide cases' (2006), Victoria University of Wellington Law Review, 37(2), pp.223-248
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Meli, L., 'Hate crime and punishment: Why typical punishment does not fit the crime' (2014), University of Illinois Law Review, 3, pp.921-966

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